Union County is located in northeastern New Jersey. The County Seat is Elizabeth and the largest city is Elizabeth. The Official Web Site is located at http://www.ucnj.org/. The 2014 population estimate is 552,939 and the 2010 census population was 536,499. The land area is 102.86 square miles and there are 5216.1 persons per square mile.
68.7% of the population is White, 23.4% is Black or African American, 29.3% is Hispanic or Latino, 5.2% is Asian, 0.7% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, and 1.9% is two or more races. 85.3% have a high school degree or higher, and 31.8% have a Bachelor degree or higher.
The median home value is $362,300, there are 185,483 households, an average of 2.88 persons per household. The per capita income is $35,089, the median household income is $68,507, and 10.8% of the persons in Union County are considered below poverty level.
The total number of firms, at last estimate, was 48,019. Retail sales (in $1000) were $7,312,120, and sales per capita were $14,069. The percentage of black-owned firms is 13.1%, and the percentage of women-owned firms is 25.9%.
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