Alachua County is located in north-central Florida. The County Seat is Gainesville and the largest city is Gainesville. The Official Web Site is located at http://www.alachuacounty.us/. The 2014 population estimate is 256,380 and the 2010 census population was 247,335. The land area is 875.02 square miles and there are 282.7 persons per square mile.
71% of the population is White, 20.4% is Black or African American, 8.9% is Hispanic or Latino, 5.7% is Asian, 0.3% is American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.1% is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, and 2.5% is two or more races. 91.2% have a high school degree or higher, and 40.5% have a Bachelor degree or higher.
The median home value is $167,900, there are 96,043 households, an average of 2.43 persons per household. The per capita income is $24,857, the median household income is $42,149, and 24.9% of the persons in Alachua County are considered below poverty level.
The total number of firms, at last estimate, was 20,676. Retail sales (in $1000) were $3,152,244, and sales per capita were $13,124. The percentage of black-owned firms is 7.8%, and the percentage of women-owned firms is 31.6%.
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